►This site was originally created for my kids and their cousins, because we did science together. We eventually added more friends and I ended up having science classes for five years. I am no longer adding to the site (since 2014), but will leave it up for others' use. I do post to facebook occasionally if I come across something to share. =)

►Please accept my apology for any broken links or videos that do not work. I am always disappointed when people take down their videos from YouTube. It makes it hard to find just the right replacement. And because the videos were posted years ago, I usually have no recollection of what the video was about.
I kept thinking I would have time after my kids graduated, but life has filled up my free time with new responsibilities. =)

►Please do not email, asking me to post your website link, or to review something to put on my site. Any resources posted on this site are things I had found on my own during my regular searching for material I needed at the time, and liked it well enough to post here. There have never been any affiliates on my site, and as it is no longer active, would not be worthwhile at this point. ;)
Thank you!

Westward Movement: The Industrial Revolution, Transportation, Communication

1789, Samuel Slater came to America, violating England's emigration law that was designed to keep skilled craftsmen in their own country.  In Rhode Island, he built the necessary spinning machinery to operate a cotton factory.
More factories soon sprang up in the North.  This proved to be a huge advantage for the Northerners later during the Civil War.

In 1793, the cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.  



Whitney was also called the "Father of Mass Production" for his method of producing guns.  Previously, only skilled craftsmen made muskets one at a time.  Whitney made it possible for even unskilled workers to assemble many muskets, using uniform parts.       

Elias Howe's sewing machine

James Watt's improved steam engine.  The steam engine allowed factories to be built anywhere, not just beside swiftly flowing streams where they used to need the waterpower for their factories.

1834, Cyrus McCormick's reaper

1807, Robert Fulton's steamboat, the Clermont





The Erie Canal


1825, The Erie Canal

Laying track for railroads

1836, Samuel Morse invented the telegraph

1860, the Pony Express was a fast way of communicating, taking less than half the usual time to get a letter across the country.  It only lasted 19 months due to the completion of telegraph lines all the way to California.
See this Want Ad for the Pony Express.



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