Apologia Physical Science, Module 6, Earth and the Lithosphere

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Other Study Links
US Earthquake information by state/territory
• How Heat Travels (convection, conduction, radiation)
Convection Current Lab
See these and other links at Debbie's Educator's Resources.  (Thanks, Debbie!)



lith·o·sphere (lith'-ə-sfir') n.
The outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle, approximately 100 km (62 mi.) thick.
Pronunciation and more explicit definition.
  • lithosphere - land
  • atmosphere - air
  • hydrosphere - water
  • biosphere - life

(1) p. 131-133, The Lithosphere

Animation - Inside the Earth








(2) p. 133-136, The Mantle

What exactly is non-Newtonian fluid?  Why is it called that?
(This video calls it "oobleck" for fun, after the Dr. Seuss book Bartholomew and the Oobleck.  Full length video here.)



Non-Newtonian fluid - This illustrates how Plastic Rock behaves under pressure.







(3) p. 137-143, The Earth's Core




Magnetic Field Reversals








(4) p. 143b-147, Plate Tectonics

Plate Movement








(5) p. 147-150, Earthquakes

Earthquake Destruction - shows plates



Earthquakes under the ocean can cause tsunamis.
Tsunamis can reach up to 600 mph.



Tsunami Demonstration.
Watch how the water recedes at the shoreline before the Tsunami wave comes.








(6) 150-152, Mountains and Volcanoes

"Volcanic mountains are protrusions of lava that are basically zits on the surface of the earth..."  HAHAHA!

                                                                                          zit! ↑ haha!


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